Mobilities and Migrations in Europe: a problematic dichotomy
For the past decade, a sharp dichotomy has emerged between mobility as unfettered or free movement within the EU (Directive 2004/38/EC), which stipulated that citizens of the EU and their family members have the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the EU, subject to certain conditions, on the one hand, and the largely restrictive rights to migration into EU states for third country nationals (TCNs), on the other hand. Other policies and funding streams, such as those pertaining to integration, have also stemmed from this distinction, in which the mobility of Europeans is deemed to be unproblematic compared to the monitoring, assistance and resources required by TCNs.
In this presentation I shall examine the problematic dichotomy differentiating mobility and migration and its recent collapse arising from the continuing large-scale movements from Eastern Europe and the newer Southern European flows to North-western Europe since the onset of the severe economic crisis. In a number of states, intra-European flows have generated considerable hostility and demands for imposing greater conditionalities on the right to residence, social entitlements and welfare nationalism. In the UK, in particular, one of the most popular destinations for Eastern and Southern Europeans, limitations on mobility will be a core issue in the referendum on the possible exit of the country from the EU (BREXIT).