Paleoenvironmental reconstruction along the middle course of Mureş River (Romania) based on geomorphological and aerial archaeological surveys
Nowadays research of climate changes is one of the fastest-developing discipline in earth sciences. If we want to know more about the climate processes, which take place in our life, it is indispensable to recognize the characteristics and cycles of past changes. The landforms of Late Pleistocene and Holocene provide a very effective baseline for paleoenvironmental reconstruction.
The study area is the middle course of the Mureş River, located between the Apuseni Mountains and the Transylvanian Plateau (in Romania). The river formed a wide valley bottom with many alluvial forms. The location and characteristics of the valley made it an area highly suitable for human activities and transport routes.
For the geomorphological research, we mainly used the SRTM digital terrain model (30 m horizontal resolution), satellite images and topographic maps. Using the above data we can distinguish several terraces and various alluvial landforms. Aerial archeological survey of the study area started in 2009. During the last 6 years, several archeological sites were identified based on aerial images.
In our research, we try to get detailed information about paleoenvironmental changes in historical times by comparing the location of archeological sites with the position of river terraces and other alluvial landforms.