The impact of tourism in the evolution and dynamics of the Pețea Stream Nature Reserve, Bihor County, Romania
The present study aims to highlight the evolution of the Pețea Stream Nature Reserve, from the Băile 1 Mai settlement, Bihor County, Romania. The reserve with thermal waters is an ecosystem of national and European importance and became well known because of the following species: Scardinius racovitzai, Melanopsis parreyssi and Nymphaea lotus var. thermalis. It is a protected area of IUCN IV category and a Nature 2000 site. The balneoclimateric resorts Băile 1 Mai and Băile Felix development, led to a dramatic decline of the lake water level, endangering also the protected species. In this circumstances by applying specific methods we have documented the major decline in the tourism exploitation of this natural attraction located in the Bihor - Hajdu-Bihar cross border area.