Cultural environment as potential for society renewal
Society renewal is a pressing need of Western societies determined by demographic processes (aging, negative natural growth, migration, depopulation) and as a result, certain areas are losing population. Consequently, the essential goal of territorial development is to fight with the depopulation. The indirect, secondary activities which are more focused on society social renewal are not less important than the primary, direct activities which concern demographic renewal of society. Social renewal includes a variety of dimensions - rising of human capital, housing, health, living and working environment, cultural environment development and etc. In order to strengthen society, to promote society renewal in context of balanced and sustainable development,the policy-makers work out new society renewal strategies.
The renewal of society is also linked with the cultural environment, which includes both tangible and intangible cultural phenomena, as well as various social aspects. Cultural activities directly affect public participation, cooperation between the population, the development of creativity, promote inclusive society, health and society renewal.
Locations connected to cultural heritage, its surrounding settlements and the maintenance and improvement works not only suggest economic activities, but also create an attractive living environment for human resources.
The research of cultural environment development in sustainable and balanced development context of Latvia is novelty due to beginning of National Research Programme for the period 2014 – 2017 funded by the Government of Latvia (EKOSOC LV projects 5.2.4., 5.2.8.). The impact of cultural environment on the balanced territorial development has been studied in Latvia to a limited extent.