University research and development strategy as a mechanism for regional development in Slovenia
The effectiveness of economic is based on knowledge‑based innovative technologies where the key advantages are fast transfer of results of both base and applied research. The driving force for these changes is development of new technologies, equipment, materials and products that are interesting to the market. Basic research is the domain of the universities and the specialised science and research institutes. When it comes to applied research, the economy steps in. The coordination between scientific institutions and the economy is handled by the politics on all levels. Thus, we can talk about the triad of University – Economy – Government. In order to accomplish its research mission, the University of Maribor has adopted the R&D Strategy with primary goal: fostering a creative environment encouraging academic freedom with the purpose of promoting sustainable development and outstanding scientific achievements, ensuring greater visibility of UM and contributing to the development of the region and Slovenia. The strategy is directed to facilitating the transfer of scientific achievements into practice. Innovative Open Technologies, a regional development project, is a key mechanism for implementing R&D strategy. Fostering a symbiotic relationship between universities, other research organizations, the economy, support and development organizations as well as local communities through open innovations and technologies. Encompasses three interconnected parts: innovation, infrastructure and content. EU regional policy is an investment policy. It supports job creation, competitiveness, economic growth, improved quality of life and sustainable development. Slovenia would like to follow this strategy, provide polycentric regional development and social cohesion.