A call for new transport geographies in Hungary – the case study of the genderization of Hungarian automobility
The international trends in human geography – and other social sciences – have experienced many „turns” in the past few decades, one of the most recent is the so-called „mobility turn”. Although from the perspective of post-socialist Hungarian geography the contexts of these turns might seem relatively distant, transport would have deserved much wider attention from the discipline than it received. Without a well-developed local tradition and without engaging with contemporary trends in social sciences to draw attention, the geographical studies of transport in Hungary has little to offer to emerging social research, therefore the field seems to be rather marginalised. To counter these odds, this paper will posit a theoretical framework to approach the subject from a new direction, linking it to the tradition of cultural geography and mobility studies. As an empirical contribution, this paper will present the findings of a discourse analysis of various Hungarian media releases (music, books, movies and TV shows), focusing on the genderization of automobility in post-WWII Hungary. The paper will argue that Hungarian automobility is situated in a distinct, local idea of modernity defined by its specific socio-cultural context, and that the socialist and post-socialist regimes played a crucial part in the production (or reproduction) of gendered structures of automobility.