Spatial conflicts in a buffer zone of national park: a case study from Slowinski National Park (Northern Poland).
Buffer zones are created to enhance the protection of valuable nature areas. They are generally situated around national parks and nature reserves and they are created for preserving them from external hazards like negative environmental or human influences. However, areas adjacent to national parks are also attractive for tourism industry and holiday homes. It may cause dispersed development, land use changes, landscape fragmentation and biodiversity loss. A case study of a protected area in Poland, Slowinski National Park, is undertaken for this research. The park is located on the Baltic coast. Annualy is visiting by 300 thousand tourists. Local residents and wants to develop a tourist infrastructure and create new terrains for buildings. It results in a conflict with the administration of the Park.
The main aim of the paper is to assess a spatial planning situation in the buffer zone of Slowinski National Park. Therefore spatial planning documents developed at local and regional scale were analyzed. The main problems are urban sprawl and a lack of integrated planning policy. The research allowed also to indicate areas where conflicts between planned land use and nature conservation occur. These issues are mainly connected with housing development and tourism infrastructure.