Temporal changing in spatial distribution of mining settlements in East Borsod Coal Basin (NE Hungary)
Main aim of our study was to investigate contribution of anthropic impacts to landscape changes. One of the most elements of this study is tracing the process of human setting.
Settlements could be regarded as one of the most solid parameters reflecting human impact on the landscape. Settlements are built for centuries or more, however, pattern of their network is permanently changing according to modification of economic circumstances and change in number of population.
During the last two or three centuries, the settlements network pattern in the East Borsod Coal Basin has suffered some sweeping changes. Considering that mining has played a principal role of recent landscape character of the area, we introduce how the temporal change of coal mining was followed by spatial change of settlement network. To demonstrate this relationship topographic and land cover datasets based on GIS techniques were used. Finally, results were evaluated and interpreted in the frame of grades in the cultural landscape-forming process.