Young Italians on the move: who they are, why they move, where they go
Knowledge mobility has been considered as a strategic theme in the EU agenda since the Lisbon Strategy (2000); youth mobility has become a crucial issue in that framework and in consideration of the severe economic crisis that, with different degrees of intensity, is affecting European countries. EU has promoted youth mobility through several policy measures and initiatives: the harmonization of the EU university degrees, the ERASMUS programme, the “Your first EURES job” scheme, and the “Youth on the move” initiative, are good examples. Mobility of the young can be a dynamic tool to improve the individuals’ employment situations, to provide career opportunities, to contribute to the creation process of a European identity, to favour personal growth and improvement of quality of life. On the other hand, that mobility poses a problem for the less developed and marginal areas of the EU territory that are losing their young resources and are not replacing them. Italy is one of the EU countries suffering for a severe economic crisis and unemployment of young people, and its marginal areas are more and more affected by a loss of young population. This paper intends to answer to the main questions posed by those movements: which are the characteristics of the young Italians who have moved (and who intend to move), which are the main reasons behind their decisions, which are the main destinations they have chosen (and they intend to choose).