Transport disadvantage: differences between female and male high school students of the City of Zagreb
According to scientific literature, high school population are often considered transport disadvantaged part of the society. This population has increased need for mobility, which is limited at the same time because of transport disadvantage. Transport disadvantage influences the access to life opportunities and possibilities. The aim of this research is to evaluate the influence of transport disadvantage on everyday life of high school population of the City of Zagreb. The parameters observed were based on subjective indicators of transport disadvantage (self-reported measures) and focus groups. The data was obtained by survey which included 826 high school students of the City of Zagreb, and by interviewing 8 focus groups. High school students were asked to estimate the influence of transport problems on their everyday life in terms of importance and the level of difficulty which they deal with in their everyday lives. Analyses were performed using statistical correlation, t-test, χ2 test and quadrant analysis. In focus groups, high school students were asked about the influence of transport on their everyday life. Obtained results indicate statistically significant difference between male and female students. Female students found transport problems more important in their lives and they had more difficulties dealing with them in comparison to male students. Problems were especially present in terms of security in public transportation during night and day. These results can indicate more pronounced transport disadvantage of female students in comparison to male students. All obtained data from survey was supported by quotations obtained by focus groups.