Viable grouped farmsteads
The aim of my paper is to outline the aspects of mobility concerning grouped farmsteads (bokortanyák). I have been examining a social dilemma typical of these unique settlements.
Here, in the vicinity of a city, you can encounter country life and rural tourism. Certain layers of society already experience the positive effects of mixing rural and urban lifestyles. However, Nyíregyháza should exploit the facilities concerning tourism provided by the farmsteads to a greater extent. It is a current issue because Nyíregyháza’s tourism is developing at a high rate. Moreover, farmsteads would make the city more unique and attractive for visitors.
Their origin dates back to the time of resettling depopulated areas after the Turkish occupation. Settlers arrived from Upper Hungary (today Slovakia), whose first wave had already been living in Hungary for years. The residential community of the grouped farmsteads was kept together by its language and its Lutheran religion, until the end of the 19th century, these farmsteads were characterised by convergence. After World War II the “population change” enforced by the Beneš decrees also had an influence on the population of farmsteads. The ethnic roots of the population contribute to maintaining relations with their relatives and today it has some influence on tourism as well.
The forming and the layout of “bokortanya” are unique. It is necessary to highlight the importance of exploitation of the opportunities of farmsteads from the aspect of tourism. This is possible in various ways with regard to sustainability.