Armed conflict, identity and outmigration – Ukraine before and after 2014
This presentation summarize the research carried out in the framework of EASTmig (http://www.eastmig.mtafki.hu/) and “Ukrainian citizens in Hungary” projects, focusing on the new migration trends since the armed conflict in Eastern Ukraine in 2014.
The aim of the project “Ukrainian citizens in Hungary” was the introduction of simplified naturalisation of ethnic Hungarians in Transcarpathia (Ukraine). Since 2010, ethnic Hungarian citizens of other countries can apply for Hungarian citizenship if they can prove Hungarian ethnic origin. In this time it was important to ask whether, we could actually speak about “an impending migration wave from the east”. The EASTmig project focused on the recent processes and probable future trends of migration in Visegrad countries and between Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia.
We carried out several interviews during 2011 in Ukraine about migration willingness in relation to Hungarian, Ukrainian or Russian ethnicity/identity. During the interviews in Beregovo, Lviv, Kyiv, Kharkiv and Odesa we took in consideration the east-west dichotomy and regional differences inside the country.
The effect of the current conflict on Ukrainian identity and migration willingness is little known. The general circumstances also changed both in case of Russian and Hungarian minorities since 2014. We are going to conduct the interviews again during the spring 2015 to see the changes caused by the conflict and by the shock inside the society due to the war.