The effects of economic crisis on the international circular immigration related to Hungary
This contribution provides empirical evidence relevant to the long-term international circular migrants admitted into Hungary in crisis period between 2009-2012. The principal aim of this research is to quantify the effects of economic crisis on the international circular migration in comparison with before crisis period of 2006-2008. Initially, we define the circulation within the conceptual framework of transnationalism from statistical point of view. Secondly, we create macro-scale data on long term international circular migrants based on the same original statistical method than before crises period. in the light of result we study changes in the statistical, demographic and spatial patterns associated with international circulation and circulars, too. Thirdly, we explore the volume of circulation in the context of international immigration of foreigners. Fourthly, we seek to gain further insight into the demographic composition of international circular immigrants by gender, age, family status. Lastly, based on the country of citizenship in one hand we study external spatial dimension of circulation. On the other hand, with the help of place of residence in Hungary we map the internal spatial dimension of circulation. Conclusions indicate the need for future research.